A necessary precursor to this post is the beautiful, romantic, and wholly human post that Carol Black wrote several years ago on the Evaluative Gaze of schooling and the effect it has on the human spirit to spend 7.5 hours a day under such surveillance. What is the effect of knowing that we exist in a system that is constantly measuring us and whether we meet the “standard student” profile? Such an evaluative gaze reinforces the “school as hospital” metaphor: Students are “sick”, they need to be treated in order to “meet the grade” or to get to proficient/average (see Todd Rose on this–though I’m pretty sure most of us have seen it. (And if we have, I next wonder…why are so few of us doing anything about it?)).
If You Never Try, You’ll Never Learn
Let me give you an anecdote. I spent a week at Bard College’s Institute for Writing and Thinking in 2010, in a cohort of college and HS teachers in a class called “Inquiry into the Essay.” The first assignment we had was to read through 6 pages of definitions from the Oxford English Dictionary on the word “Essay.” The impact of that exercise was lost on no one, because after reading them, we were asked to freewrite for 10 minutes on the patterns we noticed, on what surprised us. Universally it was that only one of the definitions actually sounded anything remotely like what we have taught student an Essay is.
I do this same exercise with my students before we engage in our first writing exercise. I did it on Thursday with my students. In my 10th period class when I asked students to share their observations, the first response was, “I feel betrayed.” From there, the litany of complaints piled on. And all of it. All of it! was tied to the fact that writing was always done for an evaluation. Rarely was it done for any other purpose than “Writing to Demonstrate Learning.” In my own classes, I tell students that we will strike an imbalance in our writing, as most of the writing we will do will be “writing to learn, to explore, to discover.” I will not “evaluate” anything, There peers and I wiill, however, assess constantly. Assessment–feedback, discussion, hashing-out–is the only end of our work. And isn’t this what we want from an audience, from mentors, from teachers? A chance to enter into the intellectual discourse and to see ourselves not as equals, but as explorers on the same journey to self-discovery, just with different levels of experience? A chance to feel part of a learning community with “better” as the only goal/standard?
My own path has been such in many parts of my identity. I am not a designer, but I think in designerly ways. I am not a scientist, but I can think in scientific ways. I am not an entrepreneur, but I can adopt an entrepreneur’s mindset. So it is for students in my class. While not all of them may see themselves as writers, they can learn to think in writerly ways, to approach the world with the same sense of inquiry and wonder as writers and to attempt, through language, to figure out what they are thinking and what they might learn from those questions and wonderings that could be useful, insightful to others, even if it is just themselves.
Culture Eats Strategy for Breakfast
And what has it done to my classroom to remove the “evaluative gaze” Carol Black has so beautifully detailed here? (She used to write for the TV show, The Wonder Years.). First is a massive shift in the culture. My students are no longer up till 12AM sweating out their final drafts (which for many was a 1 1/2 draft). They are not getting their papers back, looking at a grade, and losing the paper amidst the physical din of a notebook or disorganized google drive. They are engaging with each other in discussions of craft and inquiry and learning that are real and genuine and appreciative. They come to see themselves as a community of readers, writers, speakers and listeners, engaged in a curious, wonderful, and often intriguing if not always engaging search for meaning.
Is it always this way? Not always. No classroom is a Utopia, and Carol Black, a staunch home/unschooler, would say that the very institution of school itself, even absent grades, has a gaze we cannot escape. However, the culture of our classroom creates a community that is far removed from the classrooms I remember and hear about…classrooms where rote learning and predetermined lessons about what should be retained and what is most important create learning expectations for students that are alien to their own lives; classrooms that remove the joy and wonder of discovery from their lived experience so that an efficiency can be applied to learning that makes the task easier for the teacher, for the system.
This shift away from grades entails no loss of rigor, for those prescriptive traditionalists amongst you. In fact, we still hold ourselves to standards, still understand the end of most writing is to communicate with clarity, beauty, and understanding. We don’t need grades to enforce compliance, to measure the humans in our classroom like so many meat puppets.
And this is all premised on the simple act of grading…a task for which most teachers never had a class, never studied in any depth, never, for most of us (myself included for 20 years) actually really questioned. It’s just the way we’ve always done things.
(*For more on this topic, the recent Washington Post article on the work being done by Scott Looney and the Mastery Transcript Consortium is a clarion call. Also, check out the brilliant work being done at One Stone and how they shape the Learning Experience around their Growth Transcript and Disruption BLOB. Also, visit Teachers Going Gradeless. )